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Periodontal Treatment and What You Need to Know

Periodontal (1)

Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is a prevalent condition that affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. It is caused by bacteria in plaque, a sticky film that forms on the teeth. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to tooth loss and other serious health issues. In this blog post, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, prevention, and treatment options for periodontal disease. When seeking effective treatment and preventive measures for periodontal disease, Dentist Sandy UT offers comprehensive care and personalized treatment plans to help patients maintain healthy gums and preserve their overall oral health.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is primarily caused by poor oral hygiene. When plaque and tartar build-up on the teeth, bacteria can irritate the gums, leading to inflammation and infection. Other factors that can contribute to gum disease include smoking, hormonal changes, certain medications, and genetic predisposition. Additionally, conditions such as diabetes and immune system disorders can increase the risk of developing gum disease.


Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

The symptoms of gum disease can vary depending on the stage of the disease. In the early stages, symptoms may be mild and include red, swollen, or bleeding gums. As the disease progresses, symptoms may worsen and include receding gums, persistent bad breath, loose teeth, and changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential to see a dentist for a comprehensive evaluation.

Prevention of Periodontal Disease

Preventing gum disease starts with good oral hygiene practices. This includes brushing your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily to remove plaque and food particles from between the teeth, and using an antiseptic mouthwash to help kill bacteria. Additionally, eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help maintain healthy gums. Avoiding tobacco products and scheduling regular dental check-ups and cleanings are also essential for preventing gum disease.

Treatment Options for Periodontal Disease

The treatment for gum disease depends on the severity of the condition. In the early stages, gingivitis can often be reversed with professional dental cleanings and improved oral hygiene practices at home. This may include regular brushing, flossing, and using an antiseptic mouthwash.

For more advanced cases of periodontitis, treatment may involve:

  • Scaling and root planing: This deep cleaning procedure removes plaque and tartar from the surfaces of the teeth and roots, followed by smoothing the root surfaces to prevent bacteria from adhering.
  • Antibiotics: In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to help control bacterial infection and reduce inflammation.
  • Surgical procedures: In severe cases of periodontitis, surgical intervention may be necessary to repair damaged gum tissue and bone. This may include procedures such as flap surgery, bone grafts, or tissue regeneration.

Maintenance therapy is also essential after periodontal treatment to prevent the recurrence of gum disease. This may involve regular dental cleanings and exams, as well as continued adherence to good oral hygiene practices at home.


Periodontal disease is a common yet preventable condition that can have serious consequences if left untreated. By understanding the causes, symptoms, prevention, and treatment options for gum disease, you can take proactive steps to protect your oral health. Remember to practice good oral hygiene habits, schedule regular dental check-ups, and seek treatment promptly if you notice any signs of gum disease. With the right care and attention, you can keep your gums healthy and preserve your smile for years to come.

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